2017 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SOCIAL ACTIVITIES AND PRACTICES INSTITUTE

2017 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SOCIAL ACTIVITIES AND PRACTICES INSTITUTE

PREVENTION

OF

VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN BULGARIA

2017

ANNUAL REPORT

OF

THE SOCIAL ACTIVITIES AND PRACTICES INSTITUTE

 

 

SOFIA

2018

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction.. 3

1. GENERAL / PRIMARY PREVENTION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN.. 4

1.1. Corporal punishment. 4

1.2. Prevention of sexual violence against children.. 7

1.3. Social Services for Children and Families at Risk.. 8

1.4. Child participation.. 9

2. VIOLENCE PREVENTION FOR CHILDREN AT RISK/SECONDARY PREVENTION.. 11

2.1. Working with parents of children at risk.. 13

2.2. Work on violence prevention.. 14

2.3. Prevention of separation of the child from the birth family.. 16

2.4. Relation between the child’s age and the problems of the parents. 18

2.5. Preventing the risk of violence for children in alternative care. 18

3. PREVENTION OF VICTIMISATION/ THERAPY PREVENTION IN CHILD VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE.. 20

3.1. Analysis Methodology.. 21

3.2. Difficulties in data gathering.. 23

3.3. Attitudes for change in the work with child victims of violence. 29

3.4. Applying practices of child-friendly justice. 30

3.5. An integrated, interinstitutional and multidisciplinary approach.. 31

3.6. Guaranteeing the rights of child victims of crime or violence. 37

3.7. Implementation of a friendly or child-friendly justice. 42

3.8. Violation of the rights of children.. 45

3.9. Access to medical care and forensic medical expertise. 47

3.10. Psycho-social and psychotherapeutic support for child victims of violence. 49

3.11. Monitoring the observance of the rights of child victims. 51

3.12. Standards for training the specialists. 52

4.TERTIARY PREVENTION / PREVENTION OF REOFFENDING IN CHILDREN IN CONFLICT WITH LAW... 52

4.1. Children involved in criminal proceedings. 53

4.2. Support for children in conflict with the law.. 56

4.3. Choosing an approach for working with children in conflict with the law.. 62

4.4. Effective Approaches to Children in Conflict with the Law.. 62